The basal joint is the joint at the base of the thumb also known as the CMC (carpometacarpal) joint. This is one of the most important joints in our body as it gives the ability for the thumb to oppose to the other digits. Some opposition is what separates us from the animals. Because it is such a movable joint is prone to develop osteoarthritis even in younger people.
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Most spinal conditions do not require surgical treatment. This means that the vast majority of spinal problems can be managed with non-operative care (often called “conservative care”). Each patient and each case must be approached in a very individual manner, and any treatment program should only be recommended by a physician after a thorough evaluation.
Once the decision has been made to have carpal tunnel surgery, there are generally two methods the surgey can be performed. There is the standard open approach or endoscopic. The open technique is used most often by surgeons and involves making an incision at the base of the palm about an inch long. The ligament over the nerve is found and cut to relieve pressure on the nerve.
Research performed at Maimonides Medical Center Department of Orthopedic Surgery recently won an award for best basic science research at the at the Brooklyn and Long Island chapter of the American College of Surgeons and the Brooklyn Surgical Society.
When patients first notice a trigger finger, they’re usually very concerned. Trigger finger causes a snapping, and sometimes pain, in the hand, and often leads to decreased movement in the finger. Most people think that this is a very uncommon condition. The truth is that is it is one of the most common conditions that hand surgeons treat.
Ganglion cysts are extremely common conditions that occur about the hand and wrist. They can be found on nearly every part of the hand and wrist. They can be large or small, are usually painless, but sometimes they can cause problems. Because the cysts may be painless, people may wait long periods of time before noticing them.
Osteoarthritis, or degenerative joint disease, is one of the most common causes of pain. This condition is caused by the deterioration of the cartilage at the ends of your bones. As this hard, yet slippery, material wears away, the bone edges can be exposed and can rub against each other, causing swelling, fluid build up, loss of motion and pain. Osteoarthritis can affect all joints in the body, most commonly the hips, knees, shoulders, fingers and spine. Often described as the result of “wear and tear,” this painful grinding sensation may stop people from doing the activities they enjoy.
Flatback syndrome is a condition related to poor spinal alignment, which leads to symptoms such as back pain, bad posture with hips and knees flexed while standing and a tendency to stoop forward at the end of the day with increasing pain and fatigue in the back and legs. This syndrome is mostly related to previous scoliosis surgery and particularly the placement of Harrington rods extending to the lumbar spine.
This tutorial is an attempt at offering you an introduction and outline to understand some of the basic concepts of spinal function and disease processes that affect the spine. Perhaps this tutorial will help you understand this difficult subject better, for what is mysterious and often frightening about the spine, is the unknown.
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