The basal joint is the joint at the base of the thumb also known as the CMC (carpometacarpal) joint. This is one of the most important joints in our body as it gives the ability for the thumb to oppose to the other digits. Some opposition is what separates us from the animals. Because it is such a movable joint is prone to develop osteoarthritis even in younger people.
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The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder joint, providing strength and stability. Above the rotator cuff there is a bursa, or sac of tissue, that covers and protects the rotator cuff as it comes into close contact with bones around the shoulder. When the rotator cuff is injured or damaged it can lead to inflammation of the bursa (bursitis), causing pain and loss of motion.
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