What is the rotator cuff and rotator cuff pathology?

The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder joint, providing strength and stability. Above the rotator cuff there is a bursa, or sac of tissue, that covers and protects the rotator cuff as it comes into close contact with bones around the shoulder. When the rotator cuff is injured or damaged it can lead to inflammation of the bursa (bursitis), causing pain and loss of motion.

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