Spinal decompression is treatment to relieve pressure on one or many “pinched nerves” of the spinal column. It can be achieved either surgically or by non-surgical methods. It is used to treat conditions which cause chronic backache such as herniated disc, disc bulge, sciatica and spinal stenosis.
Surgical spinal decompression is performed by two procedures:
1) Microdiscectomy/micro decompression
2) Laminectomy/open decompression
Microdiscectomy: This is a minimally invasive procedure which involves removal of a portion of a herniated nucleus pulposus by a surgical instrument or LASER.
Laminectomy: This is a procedure in which a small portion of the arch of the vertebrae is removed to relieve pressure on the pinched nerve. This is performed as a last resort, when conservative treatment fails to provide relief from back pain.